Guided Walk - ChurchyardCanon Doble, who studied the legend of St Congar in 1945, suggested he was one of a group of Old Welsh missionaries who worked in the west of England in the late 5th/early 6th centuries The legend is that he was the son of the Emperor of Constantinople and he ran away from home to avoid marriage. Arriving near Congresbury he dreamt that he should halt where he saw a wild boar. Arriving at what was later named after him Congresbury, a place shut in by water and reed beds, he came upon a boar sleeping in the rushes. Here he founded a wattle oratory and appointed 12 cannons to form a monastic community.
St Congar's Day is celebrated on 27th November and he is also remembered today by his "walking stick" in the churchyard. The remnants of this dead yew, badly vandalised in 1998, are a reminder of the story of how Congar wished for a tree to provide shade from the summer heat. He thrust his yew staff into the ground and the next day it put forth leaves and afterwards grew into a wide spreading tree.St Congar is also said to have miraculously converted the marshes, which surrounded his monastery, into fields suitable for cultivation
St Andrew's Church was consecrated on llth July 1215 but extensively altered and enlarged in the following two centuries. A guide to St Andrews is available within the church.1.The north door has an enchanting carving of a medieval lady. Look up and you will see an empty niche, where a statue probably stood before the Reformation.2.The stonework of the west door is extremely weathered but notice the small empty niches.3.The south porch has a 13th century doorway, perhaps the original doorway before the south aisle and porch were added.Notice the scratch, or mass, sundial on the right hand side used to tell the time of church services before the advent of clocks.4.The earliest tomb in the churchyard - Seymon Knight, 1615. The churchyard has very few important memorials, possibly because Congresbury never had a resident lord of the manor.5.St Congar's walking stick. The iron band once held the old yew tree together but the remnants of that yew are now almost surrounded by the beech tree there.6.The Hardwick memorial. This 3-metre high granite cross is a memorial to a brave farmer who fought off an attack by a highwayman in October 1830. Charles Hardwick, of Hewish, was returning on his horse from Bristol market with a considerable amount of money. He rode and conversed with a person called Richard Hewlett. Hardwick was not far from home (about one and a half miles from Congresbury towards Weston-super-Mare) when Hewlett drew a pistol and shot him in the shoulder. Hewlett then took fright and galloped away at speed towards Congresbury. Hardwick pursued his assailant and caught up with him at the bridge leading into Congresbury Moor, about a half mile from where he was shot.Hewlett then struck the gallant farmer about the head with a large bludgeon, and galloped away towards Congresbury. The farmer pursued Hewlett once again and caught up with him by Congresbury Bridge, after Hewlett's horse fell when swerving to avoid a cart. The two men struggled on the ground and farmer Hardwick received further blows to the head and was stabbed in the side by Hewlett's 7-inch dagger. Despite these further injuries the farmer held on to the highwayman until help arrived.Hewlett was later tried at Taunton and hanged at Ilchester jail. Farmer Hardwick lay close to death for some time but lived a further 19 years to tell the tale. He was buried at Hutton. In 1871, after a Mr Kinglake had raised a subscription, the granite cross, weighing some three tons, was erected to commemorate this extraordinary event.7.The 13th century churchyard cross built to commemorate all the dead in the churchyard before individual memorials were erected. The parish registers show that from 1563 to 1900 over 5,900 people were buried here. It is therefore possible that the total number buried in the churchyard is well over 10,000. 8.The Refectory was the former vicarage and is a grade listed building. It was erected by the Executors of Bishop Beckington of Bath and Wells (who died in 1465). The building indicates the importance of the village in late medieval times.9.The building to the left of the Refectory is the present vicarage. It was completed in 1824, after the new vicar, the Revd Haythorne, had made representations that the old vicarage was "so old, damp and incommodious, as to render it impossible to reside therein.”10.The Court House, parts of which possibly date back to the late 15th century. This was where the manorial courts were held, which dealt, in the medieval period, with the organisation of the agricultural year and minor infringements of the law. Gradually they came to deal only with tenancy changes until in Congresbury they ceased altogether in the 19th century . A school was housed here from at least 1836 until 1876 when a new school (now called the Old School Rooms) was built in Station Road.
Autumn Programme 2017(September to December)Please Note: All meetings at 7.30pm for 7.45pm prompt start are held in the Methodist Hall unless otherwise stated.New members/visitors welcome – Annual Membership £10 or £3 per meeting.Contact information ChairChris Short01934 833764Secretaries: Ann Gunner 01934 852701 Anne Dimmock 01934 838891Treasurer: Geoff Pearson 01934 833485
CONGRESBURY HISTORY GROUP
Wednesday 20 September A walk along Hadrian’s Wall- In 2013 well known local author Ben Kane and two fellow writers undertook this walk dressed in full Roman kit, to raise funds for charity. A light, humorous talk and slide show, with some history.Wednesday 18 OctoberMy Family and Jack the Ripper- We are pleased to welcome back Pat Hase who will entertain us with a talk on the social history of the 19thcentury, which compares the lives of two women, one in Bristol and the other in London – and we will find out all about Pat’s possible connection to the notorious serial killer! This talk will be preceded by a short AGM.Wednesday 15 NovemberThe Lost Cottages of Cheddar Gorge -This area has long attracted artists and photographers who have left us with a remarkable record of the community living around Gough’s Caves during the 19thand early 20thcenturies. Although most of this has now gone, tonight’s talk by Sue Shaw will help bring it back to life, through the many images captured by those early cameras.Wednesday 13 DecemberChristmas Dinner at Mendip Spring Golf and Country Club– We hope you can join us for this celebration meal. Further details at our October meeting